Difference between revisions of "User:PesachZ/algorithm"

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*the angle between this segment and s-in is smaller than the angle between s-out and s-in
 
*the angle between this segment and s-in is smaller than the angle between s-out and s-in
  
- if both condtions are not met, then there will not be a segment at this junction considered to be the 'best continuation'. This applies even if the angle between s-in and s-out is 0°.[http://imgur.com/xJrBn2z http://imgur.com/xJrBn2z]
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- if both condtions are not met, then there will not be a segment at this junction considered to be the 'best continuation'. This applies even if the angle between s-in and s-out is 0°.
  
 
== The algorithm / list of conditions ==
 
== The algorithm / list of conditions ==

Revision as of 17:56, 2 May 2014

A somewhat simplified description of this is covered in the Junction Style Guide. Additional routing information is covered in the article Routing server.

General comments

The description below fits a right turn in a Right-hand traffic country (e.g. not England). Left turns are symmetrical to right turns.

Definitions

a) s-in: the segment going into the junction; this is the segment the driver is on before reaching the junction
b) s-out: the segment going out of the junction; this is the segment we want the driver to traverse to
c) s1, s2 … sN: all the segments connected to the same junction, which includes s-out
d) Best continuation is one of the segments, and is the one that Waze determines is what drivers would consider the "no turning path" through the intersection - see expanded description below

What is the 'best continuation'?

In order to determine if s-out is the 'real' continuation of s-in, we do the following:
- if s-out has the same road type & street name it is selected as the real continuation.
- if not, we look at the other segments: s1, s2 … sN (excluding s-out). One of those will be chosen as a better continuation than s-out if both following conditions are met:

  • this segment has a better match street name & road type wise than s-out (e.g. it has the same street name and s-out doesn't; it has the same road type as s-in, and s-out doesn't). Street name is more important than road type.
  • the angle between this segment and s-in is smaller than the angle between s-out and s-in

- if both condtions are not met, then there will not be a segment at this junction considered to be the 'best continuation'. This applies even if the angle between s-in and s-out is 0°.

The algorithm / list of conditions

The algorithm iterates over a list of conditions. As soon as a condition is met, the relevant instruction is determined, and the algorithm terminates.
The list of conditions:

1. If the junction has only 2 segments, the instruction is: 'CONTINUE'.
1.1. In some cases, T junctions could be considered as only 2 segments. See explanation on 'T junctions' below.

2. If the angle between s-out and the best continuation is larger than 45 degrees (and less than 180), the instruction is: 'TURN RIGHT'. This is because we assume that on primary roads (minor highways, major highways and freeways), turn angles are no more than 45 degrees (no sharp turns on higher-throughput roads); therefore, you never have something called an "exit" that has such an angle, and the instruction should be TURN, not EXIT.

3. If s-out is determined to be the best continuation of s-in (explanation on 'best continuation' above), the instruction is: 'CONTINUE', which implies that the driver is not turning (i.e., going straight through the junction)

4. If s-in is a primary road and s-out is not a primary road (mH, MH, FW), the instruction is: 'EXIT RIGHT'.

5. If s-in is a ramp/exit and s-out is neither a primary road (mH, MH, FW), nor a ramp/exit, the instruction is: 'EXIT RIGHT'.

6. If none of the above conditions is met, the instruction is: 'KEEP RIGHT'

T junctions and one way roads

In some cases, a node could have more than 2 segments, but the routing server will consider only 2 of them as valid and therefore, the maneuver will be 'Continue straight'.
Turns can be restricted or unrestricted, in specific scenarios you may not be able to see this in WME - see RevCons for more information.

For example, in this case (image below) - assuming the node is restricted properly - heading south, the right turn will be considered 'Continue straight' as the routing server has no other option and there's only one possible segment to be s-out.


If the node was not restricted, most likely that waze would tell you to turn right. Driving against the direction is a high penalty, and so is a left turn where a turn is not allowed. However, it would still have been an option, which is why the routing server would have called it 'turn right'.

https://wiki.waze.com/wiki/images/0/00/Right_turn_1.png

This could be confusing, especially since there's no external indication on whether or not a node is restricted at the moment. There are external scripts which show this information (and some allow it to be easily corrected) - see RevCons for more information.