The legality of photo/video enforcement of traffic laws varies from state to state and between the various jurisdictions inside a state depending on how the laws are written. Below is a list of the laws by state. DISCLAIMER: We are not attorneys and are not responsible for mistakes and/or outdated information. The most current information has been found on IIHS and GSHA.
Not all camera looking devices at intersections are speed or red light cameras. Review the article on cameras before adding them to the map.
|Not Legal Statewide||NOT LEGAL|
|Legal in Certain Jurisdictions||SEE NOTES BELOW|
|Legal Statewide||LEGAL STATEWIDE|
Notes by state
Red light cameras are limited to Montgomery. Speed cameras have no laws regulating them.
Photo radar only in school zones and railroad crossings with an officer present at the time of the infraction.
Speed cameras restricted to construction zones, school zones, residential areas, and adjacent to municipal parks.
Idaho has no state law regarding the use of speed cameras or red light cameras. As of December 2013, the state neither operates nor has publicized plans to operate in the future, cameras of either type.
See the list of communities where red light cameras are legal here . Speed cameras may be in use in construction zones statewide.
Speed cameras are authorized in school zones and work zones statewide, (and in residential areas in Montgomery County ONLY), but each jurisdiction (county/city) must pass legislation to implement them. The Maryland State Highway Administration has detailed FAQs on Speed Cameras on its website.
Red Light cameras are authorized statewide, but require SHA approval before installation on state roads. The Maryland SHA has details about Red Light cameras on its website.
The Maryland page has details on local camera systems.
Red light (NY)
Red light cameras are permitted only in the following locations (Vehicle & Traffic Law Article 24):
- Cities with a population greater than one million (currently NYC only) are permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 150 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-A(a)1.).
- Nassau County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B(a)1.).
- City of Yonkers is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*2(a)1.)
- City of Buffalo is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 50 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*3(a)1.)
- City of Rochester is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 50 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*4(a)1.)
- Suffolk County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*5(a)1.)
- City of Syracuse is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 intersections (Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*6(a)1.)
On August 1, 2013 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits New York City to establish a five-year demonstration program to monitor school speed zones in New York City with speed cameras and to allow evidence captured on camera to be used to impose liability for speeding. This new law will enhance the safety of children, pedestrians and drivers in New York City school speed zones by encouraging drivers to drive with caution through these areas and supplement law enforcement efforts to catch violations and prevent accidents caused by speeding. 
New York City is authorized to set up cameras in 20 school zones. There was some discrepancy in media reports if this means they are limited to just 20 cameras or if they can put multiple cameras in each of 20 school zones, however more recent first-hand reports indicate that there are up to 120 cameras currently in operation. These camera can be moved from school zone to school zone as the city sees fit. The cameras can only operate during school hours and/or after-school activities. This is a 5 year pilot program - the law is set to expire on August 1, 2018 unless it is extended by the New York State Legislature.
See the list of communities where cameras are legal here.
Philadelphia is currently the only city with active red light cameras, however red light cameras are also legal in a few cites and suburban towns. See the section on Speed and Red-Light Cameras on the Pennsylvania state page for more information.
Each municipality may decide to use "unmanned traffic enforcement cameras", but they are all governed by state-wide laws contained in Tennessee Code Annotated Section 55, Chapter 8, Sub-Section 198 (TCA § 55-8-198).
- All cameras must be signed (TCA § 55-8-198(c)(2))
- No Cameras allowed on Interstates except for temporary work zones (TCA § 55-8-198(f))
- No cameras allowed near speed limit changes of 10 mph or greater (TCA § 55-8-198(l))
Each town, independent city, and county may elect to install a limited number of red-light cameras pursuant to state law, but not all jurisdictions have done so. (Va. Code § 15.2-968.1)