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Forest Service Roads

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Consider vehicle types common to the area: Wordsmith -- remove motherhood & apple-pie concluding sentence.
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== Background ==
[[file:USFS-logo.png | 300px | right]]Among many of the functions of the <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/ United States Forest Service (USFS)]</b> is the development and maintenance of Forest System roads that are relied upon by USFS and the public. The USFS uses these to maintain its forests, aid in fighting forest fires, allow public use, and other functions. General information for Waze editors begins at USFS is their <b>[http://www.fs.usda.gov/main/r3/recreation/travelmanagement Travel Management]</b> section. See the <b>[https://www.waze.com/wiki/Forest_Service_Roads[#Editing_Resources |Editing Resources]]</b> section below for more specific map resources.
Some of these roads can be critical to local populations not just for recreation, but for regular travel. Such use is likely more common in rural and western states than it is for urban or eastern states. At times, some well-maintained dirt roads may even be considered to the local population as equivalent to streets or primary streets.
The USFS specifically issues <b>Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUM)</b> that identify specifically where USFS allows use of their roads by public motor vehicles. Some of these roads are paved and well maintained, others are dirt but used like streets, while others are dirt roads that are not well maintained and will only accommodate 4x4 wheel vehicles. Some roads are only listed for motorcycle use. <u>Note that these maps show only show roads that the USFS wants used by the public.</u> There are other USFS roads that are closed or otherwise not authorized for public use.
=== Waze and Forest Service Roads ===
* allow time-based restrictions on some roads that are closed in winter.
== Functional Classification ==There are two primary sources of information that Waze editors may obtain from the USFS:*Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs), and *Raw GIS data. This section suggests a mapping of USFS roads to Waze roads depending on which source you use. === Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs) ===
[[file:USFS-legend-1.png | right | 300px]]The key point of the USFS's Travel Management Rule is that motor vehicle use on National Forest System Lands is restricted to designated routes which are shown on the Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs). Only routes on the MVUMs should be entered into Wazeas driveable roads. Of those roads and trails, only those accessible by passengers or 4x4 vehicles should be mapped. USFS shows trails specifically for motorcycle use only. These should not be added to the Waze map.
MVUMs can be found at the links at the end of this page via PDF maps and also an online GIS system that does not list maintenance level.
<br clear=all>
=== Maintenance Levels & GIS Data = ==
[[File:USFS-maintenance_guidelines.jpg|250px|right|link=http://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdf/11771811.pdf|alt="USFS Guidance for Road Maintenance Levels]]
You will only find these Maintenance Levels in source GIS data from the USFS. This information is utilized by USFS to help create the MVUMs.
==Editor Discretion == Always exercise caution when mapping roads found on an MVUM, particularly through roads! MVUMs may be inaccurate or out of date, and roads may vary in quality over seasons depending on the climate (rain/snow). Particularly, some roads in Maintenance Level 3 may have attributes that are closer to Off-Road Images / Not Maintained than Street. ==== Do not map abandoned roads ====The following imagesBefore mapping a road, extracted from compare the USFS maintenance document above, provide examples from USFS for these MVUM with recent aerial imagery (and with Street View and anecdotal visitor reports if possible) and verify that the road remains drivable. Vegetation growing not just between the tracks but in them often signifies an abandoned road types. Some roads may be permanently closed with boulders or solid fencing placed at their endpoints. They '''Don't map these, even if they appear on the MVUM!''' Mapping or completing abandoned roads may help illustrate differences between levels that will help you while editinghave severe unintended consequences. For example: *If you observe the road is mapped as a through road, even one with high penalties, Waze may attempt to route emergency traffic over it when primary roads have been closed. Waze could endanger lives by offering impassable roads as escape routes! *Any road's presence on the Waze display could encourage Wazers to try it and potentially get stuck. Even off-road vehicles can get stuck if the terrain is bad enough. *Mapped roads serve to orient as well as route drivers. Drivers passing a "road" that is shown on their display but no longer looks like a USFS road in person(overgrown, permanently fenced off or blocked, these images etc.) may help you determine be disoriented by the maintenance levelinconsistency.
<center>{||- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Maintenance<br>Level</b>|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example A</b>|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example B</b>|- styleTake better roads nearby into account="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 5 =<br>Minor Highway<br>Primary Street<br>Street|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5bBesides considering the recommendations in this article, also take other nearby roads into account.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 4 =<br> For example, if another road nearby appears to be in much better condition and more heavily used, and it is mapped as Street|style=type with the "text-align:center;Unpaved" |[[File:USFSattribute, should you use the identical type for a rough, little-level4a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 3 =<br>Street|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 2 =<br>Dirt Road /<br>4x4 Trail|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 1 =<br>Walking Trail<br>used parallel road? In fact, do circumstances suggest the better nearby road may have ''replaced'' the road you are mapping? A more heavily penalized road type may be appropriate for the road you're considering, or<br>Do Not<br>Map|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1aperhaps the road should not be mapped at all.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1b.jpg|250px]]|}</center>
===== Editor Discretion =Consider vehicle types common to the area====Images shown above cannot cover all scenarios for mapping maintenance level to Waze road type. These roads Consider the spectrum of vehicles Wazers may undergo variation be driving in quality over seasons as well depending on the climate (rain/snow)region. ParticularlyIs it a heavily-touristed area where many Wazers are likely to be driving ordinary passenger vehicles or RVs? Or is it more remote, some where Wazers are likely to be better prepared for rough roads? Don't map seldom-used roads in Level 3 may have attributes that are closer to Dirt Road / 4x4 Trail than street. Editors with local experience or potential Street View images may help barely drivable even by off-road vehicles in this determinationan area heavily visited by ordinary vehicles.
== USFS to Waze Classification Mapping ==
While editing USFS roads, you'll either have (1) MVUMs or (2) more detailed GIS data or related maintenance level observations. This section provides mapping for both sources of information, but the Waze editor should always consult the MVUMs because only roads on the MVUMs should be shown as available for use. Others should be Private roads or not mapped.
=== Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs) to Waze ===
The key point of the USFS's Travel Management Rule is that motor vehicle use on National Forest System Lands is restricted to designated routes which are shown on the Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs). All routes not on the MVUMs should be marked as private.
==== Mixed Type or Mapping of USFS Roads ====
Note that a a particular Forest Service Road may be only shown on the MVUM for a part of its distance. In such cases mark part of the road per the above table and the remaining portion not on the MVUM as type Private. If a road has mixed types along its length, map them all appropriately in Waze.
=== Maintenance Levels & GIS Data to Waze ===
In cases where the Maintenance Level is known from GIS data or inferred from the images in this article, use this table for guidance. Note that you should also refer to the MVUMs to make sure the road is displayed.
==== Maintenance Level Mapping Guidance ====
<small>
{| class="wikitable" cellpadding="10"
|style="text-align:center;" |Paved
|style="text-align:left;" |Moderate speeds, often dual lane, may be paved but usually aggregate surface, usually collectors, may connect to state and county roads
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Street. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set as appropriate.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |3
|style="text-align:center;" |Passenger<br>Vehicle
|style="text-align:left;" |Low speeds, single lane, local or collectors, may have potholes or washboarding
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Street. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |2
|style="text-align:center;" |Unpaved<br>4x4Off-Road
|style="text-align:left;" |Unpaved local roads, may not be passable in inclement weather, high-clearance vehicles needed, not suitable for passenger cars.
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Dirt Off-Road/4x4 TrailNot Maintained. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |1
|style="text-align:center;" |Closed
|style="text-align:left;" |Vehicular traffic is prohibited, might be used as a motorized trail for use by motorcycles, etc.
|style="text-align:left;" |Private for existing roads. Do not map new roadsas any driveable type.
|}
</small>
 
The following images, extracted from the USFS maintenance document above, provide examples from USFS for these road types. They may help illustrate differences between levels that will help you while editing. If you observe a USFS road in person, these images may help you determine the maintenance level.
 
<center>
{|
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Maintenance<br>Level</b>
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example A</b>
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example B</b>
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 5 =<br>Minor Highway<br>Primary Street<br>Street
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 4 = Street,
Unpaved flag set if applicable
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 3 = Street
Unpaved flag set
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 2 =<br>Off-Road /<br>Not Maintained
Unpaved flag set
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 1 =<br>Do Not<br>Map
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1b.jpg|250px]]
|}
</center>
==== Level 5 & Level 3 ====
'''USFS Level 3'''
* Preference is to always mark these roads as Waze type "Street."
* In rare cases pick "Dirt Off-Road / 4x4 TrailNot Maintained" if you verify the road is in poor condition.* Set the Unpaved attribute.
== Road Naming Conventions ==
* Public highways and county roads should be named under conventions for the state or region. Do not use a USFS road number/name for these roads.
* USFS roads on the MVUMs with popular names as shown on posted road signs should be named per the road signage. Note that the MVUMs do not usually show these popular names. Use street-view or drive by the location to verify before changing names from a popular name to a USFS road number/name.
* USFS roads on the MVUMs that are not named or with an alternative naming convention should be named "FS-XXXX" where XXXX is the USFS road name on the MVUM. For example, main FS-333 road might have stub roads FS-333A through FS-333Eor FS-333.1 through FS333.9. * In the online USFS MVUM maps you may see references to FS-XXX.0. You should not add the .0 in this case as the Forest Service does not use .0 designations in the local MVUM. In some units, the Forest Service does not use .1 designations in the local MVUM either. You should always confirm road naming with the printed MVUM maps. In any case of conflict, the MVUM PDF maps take precedence.
* Fire Service Roads, roads designated for Forest Fire services, shall also use the "FS-XXX" designation
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Campground<br>[[file:USFS-icon-campground.png |25px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |Outdoors-Campground / RV Park|style="text-align:left;" |Create an Area Place to boarder the border of camping area including all roads and campsites. Name the Place the specific name of the campground as seen on the MVUM.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Picnic Area<br>[[file:USFS-icon-picnicarea.png |25px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |Outdoors-Park
|style="text-align:left;" |Create and an Area Place to boarder the border of picnic area and . Add the associated parking lotarea as well. Name the Place the specific name of the picnic area as seen on the MVUM.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Information Site<br>[[file:USFS-icon-infosite.png |25px]]
The <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/ohv/ USFS Travel Management & Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) Program]</b> website contains a number of resources that will be useful for Waze editors. Specific links follow.
=== Interactive Travel Online MVUM Map ===
The <b>[httphttps://appsusfs.fsmaps.fedarcgis.uscom/TravelAccess Interactive Travel home/webmap/viewer.html?layers=f3ddf325eb02467da65b08d73280ae4a Motor Vehicle Use Map: Roads and Trails]</b> is a GIS system for USFS land and roads. It shows the National Forest System roads, National Forest System trails, and areas on National Forest System lands that are designated for motor vehicle use. The map is searchable by vehicle class, time of year, route number, and travel mode. You can zoom into an area on a national forest or grassland, see the roads and trails in that area, and find out which ones are open to motor vehicles, and when. You can see rivers, lakes, mountain peaks, campgroundsTo identify roads for mapping in Waze, you should expand the contents and topographic lines. Land ownership is shown by color. You can also print a map of select only the area you wish to visitMVUM Symbology, with only Roads selected.
This site may not have the most current data from every part of the United States, so make sure to check other resourcesA [https://greasyfork. Data may not be org/en/scripts/28097-wme-fs-mvum-gis-map/ TamperMonkey script] is available for all forestseditors that will open this MVUM Online Map in a new window that matches the current Waze editor view.
=== USFS Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUM) ===
A <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/ohv/ohv_maps.shtml listing of forests that maintain MVUMs]</b> is available as a great resource for Waze editors. From this link you must select the appropriate forest listed by state. On those pages will be listed the MVUMs that are available.
=== USFS GIS Data ===
 
We have arranged to get access to current GIS data sets from the various forests. Details on this data are being worked to provide easier access. Until we have details worked out, PM user vectorspace to obtain more information.
=== Similar Road Systems ===
* [https://www.waze.com/wiki/Indian_Reservation_Roads [Indian Reservation Roads]]* [https://www.waze.com/wiki/[Bureau_of_Land_Management_(BLM) |Bureau of Land Management]]* [https://www.waze.com/wiki/National_Park_Service [National Park Service]]
== References ==
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