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Forest Service Roads

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== Background ==
[[file:USFS-logo.png | 300px | right]]Among many of the functions of the <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/ United States Forest Service (USFS)]</b> is the development and maintenance of Forest System roads that are relied upon by USFS and the public. The USFS uses these to maintain its forests, aid in fighting forest fires, allow public use, and other functions. General information for Waze editors begins at USFS is their <b>[http://www.fs.usda.gov/main/r3/recreation/travelmanagement Travel Management]</b> section. See the <b>[https://www.waze.com/wiki/Forest_Service_Roads[#Editing_Resources |Editing Resources]]</b> section below for more specific map resources.
Some of these roads can be critical to local populations not just for recreation, but for regular travel. Such use is likely more common in rural and western states than it is for urban or eastern states. At times, some well-maintained dirt roads may even be considered to the local population as equivalent to streets or primary streets.
The USFS specifically issues <b>Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUM)</b> that identify specifically where USFS allows use of their roads by public motor vehicles. Some of these roads are paved and well maintained, others are dirt but used like streets, while others are dirt roads that are not well maintained and will only accommodate 4x4 wheel vehicles. Some roads are only listed for motorcycle use. <u>Note that these maps show only show roads that the USFS wants used by the public.</u> There are other USFS roads that are closed or otherwise not authorized for public use.
=== Waze and Forest Service Roads ===
* allow Waze editors to functionally classify roads by marking them with the appropriate Waze road type (street, 4x4, etc.),
* allow some roads to be marked as private to the USFS,
* allow identification of useful Waze Landmarks Places on USFS land,
* allow time-based restrictions on some roads that are closed in winter.
== Functional Classification ==There are two primary sources of information that Waze editors may obtain from the USFS:*Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs), and *Raw GIS data. This section suggests a mapping of USFS roads to Waze roads depending on which source you use.==
=== [[file:USFS-legend-1.png | right | 300px]]The key point of the USFS's Travel Management Rule is that motor vehicle use on National Forest System Lands is restricted to designated routes which are shown on the Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs) ===. Only routes on the MVUMs should be entered into Waze as driveable roads. Of those roads and trails, only those accessible by passengers or 4x4 vehicles should be mapped. USFS shows trails specifically for motorcycle use only. These should not be added to the Waze map.
[[file:USFS-legend-1.png | right | 300px]]The key point of MVUMs can be found at the USFS's Travel Management Rule is that motor vehicle use on National Forest System Lands is restricted to designated routes which are shown on links at the Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs). Only routes on the MVUMs should be entered into Waze. Of those roads end of this page via PDF maps and trails, only those accessible by passengers or 4x4 vehicles should be mapped. USFS shows trails specifically for motorcycle use only. These should also an online GIS system that does not be added to the Waze maplist maintenance level.
MVUMs If you are able to obtain a physical MVUM or download a PDF online, you will find that it has exacting detail on road types and names you may wish to edit in Waze. The following images show an example front cover of a folded map and the internal content that can be found at the links at the end seen on both sides of this page via PDF maps and also an online GIS system that does not list maintenance levelunfolded map. [[File:USFS-MVUM-1.png | left | 175px]][[File:USFS-MVUM-1a.png | right | 500px]]
Only the first three and last three types should be mapped. Do not map trails restricted to vehicles 50" or less width or that are for motorcycles only.<br clear=all>
=== Maintenance Levels & GIS Data = ==
[[File:USFS-maintenance_guidelines.jpg|250px|right|link=http://www.fs.fed.us/t-d/pubs/pdf/11771811.pdf|alt="USFS Guidance for Road Maintenance Levels]]
You will only find these Maintenance Levels in source GIS data from the USFS. This information is utilized by USFS to help create the MVUMs.
==Editor Discretion == Always exercise caution when mapping roads found on an MVUM, particularly through roads! MVUMs may be inaccurate or out of date, and roads may vary in quality over seasons depending on the climate (rain/snow). Particularly, some roads in Maintenance Level 3 may have attributes that are closer to Off-Road Images / Not Maintained than Street. ==== Do not map abandoned roads ====The following imagesBefore mapping a road, compare the MVUM with recent aerial imagery (and with Street View and anecdotal visitor reports if possible) and verify that the road remains drivable. Vegetation growing not just between the tracks but in them often signifies an abandoned road. Some roads may be permanently closed with boulders or solid fencing placed at their endpoints. '''Don't map these, extracted from even if they appear on the USFS maintenance document aboveMVUM!''' Mapping or completing abandoned roads may have severe unintended consequences. For example: *If the road is mapped as a through road, provide examples from USFS for these even one with high penalties, Waze may attempt to route emergency traffic over it when primary roads have been closed. Waze could endanger lives by offering impassable roads as escape routes! *Any road's presence on the Waze display could encourage Wazers to try it and potentially get stuck. Even off-road typesvehicles can get stuck if the terrain is bad enough. *Mapped roads serve to orient as well as route drivers. They Drivers passing a "road" that is shown on their display but no longer looks like a road (overgrown, permanently fenced off or blocked, etc.) may help illustrate differences between levels that will help you while editingbe disoriented by the inconsistency. ====Take better roads nearby into account====Besides considering the recommendations in this article, also take other nearby roads into account. If For example, if another road nearby appears to be in much better condition and more heavily used, and it is mapped as Street type with the "Unpaved" attribute, should you observe use the identical type for a USFS rough, little-used parallel road in person? In fact, these images do circumstances suggest the better nearby road may have ''replaced'' the road you are mapping? A more heavily penalized road type may help be appropriate for the road you determine 're considering, or perhaps the maintenance levelroad should not be mapped at all.
<center>{||- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Maintenance<br>Level</b>|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example A</b>|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example B</b>|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 5 =<br>Minor Highway<br>Primary Street<br>Street|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 4 =<br>Street|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 3 =<br>Street|styleConsider vehicle types common to the area="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3b.jpg|250px]]|- style="vertical-align:center;"|style="text-align:center;" |Level 2 =<br>Dirt Road /<br>4x4 Trail|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2a.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2bConsider the spectrum of vehicles Wazers may be driving in the region.jpg|250px]]| Is it a heavily- style="verticaltouristed area where many Wazers are likely to be driving ordinary passenger vehicles or RVs? Or is it more remote, where Wazers are likely to be better prepared for rough roads? Don't map seldom-align:center;"|style="textused roads that are barely drivable even by off-align:center;" |Level 1 =<br>Do Not<br>Map|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1aroad vehicles in an area heavily visited by ordinary vehicles.jpg|250px]]|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1b.jpg|250px]]|}</center>
== USFS to Waze Classification Mapping ==
While editing USFS roads, you'll either have (1) MVUMs or (2) more detailed GIS data or related maintenance level observations. This section provides mapping for both sources of information, but the Waze editor should always consult the MVUMs because only roads on the MVUMs should be shown as available for use. Others should be Private roads or not mapped.
=== Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs) to Waze ===
The key point of the USFS's Travel Management Rule is that motor vehicle use on National Forest System Lands is restricted to designated routes which are shown on the Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUMs). All routes not on the MVUMs should be marked as private.
|style="text-align:center;" |Trails Open to Motorcycles Only
|style="text-align:left;" |Do not map.
|- style="vertical-align:top;background-color: yellow"
|style="text-align:center;" |Interstate*
|style="text-align:left;" |Freeway
|style="text-align:center;" |Highways, US, State, County*
|style="text-align:left;" |Map as appropriate to road type.
|- style="vertical-align:top;background-color: yellow"
|style="text-align:center;" |Other Public Roads*
|style="text-align:left;" |StreetMap as appropriate to road type.
|}</small>
<small>*Note that these last three non-USFS roads were included in their legend because such roads may traverse USFS lands. Treat these roads as you would regular public roads.</small>
==== Mixed Type or Mapping of USFS Roads ====
Note that a a particular Forest Service Road may be only shown on the MVUM for a part of its distance. In such cases mark part of the road per the above table and the remaining portion not on the MVUM as type Private. If a road has mixed types along its length, map them all appropriately in Waze.
=== Maintenance Levels & GIS Data to Waze ===
In cases where the Maintenance Level is known from GIS data or inferred from the images in this article, use this table for guidance. Note that you should also refer to the MVUMs to make sure the road is displayed.
==== Maintenance Level Mapping Guidance ====
<small>
{| class="wikitable" cellpadding="10"
|style="text-align:center;" |Paved
|style="text-align:left;" |Moderate speeds, often dual lane, may be paved but usually aggregate surface, usually collectors, may connect to state and county roads
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Street. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set as appropriate.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |3
|style="text-align:center;" |Passenger<br>Vehicle
|style="text-align:left;" |Low speeds, single lane, local or collectors, may have potholes or washboarding
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Street. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |2
|style="text-align:center;" |Unpaved<br>4x4Off-Road
|style="text-align:left;" |Unpaved local roads, may not be passable in inclement weather, high-clearance vehicles needed, not suitable for passenger cars.
|style="text-align:left;" |If shown on MVUM, Dirt Off-Road/4x4 TrailNot Maintained. If not on MVUM, Private. Unpaved attribute set.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |1
|style="text-align:center;" |Closed
|style="text-align:left;" |Vehicular traffic is prohibited, might be used as a motorized trail for use by motorcycles, etc.
|style="text-align:left;" |Private for existing roads. Do not map new roadsas any driveable type.
|}
</small>
 
The following images, extracted from the USFS maintenance document above, provide examples from USFS for these road types. They may help illustrate differences between levels that will help you while editing. If you observe a USFS road in person, these images may help you determine the maintenance level.
 
<center>
{|
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Maintenance<br>Level</b>
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example A</b>
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Example B</b>
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 5 =<br>Minor Highway<br>Primary Street<br>Street
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level5b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 4 = Street,
Unpaved flag set if applicable
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level4b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 3 = Street
Unpaved flag set
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level3b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 2 =<br>Off-Road /<br>Not Maintained
Unpaved flag set
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level2b.jpg|250px]]
|- style="vertical-align:center;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Level 1 =<br>Do Not<br>Map
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1a.jpg|250px]]
|style="text-align:center;" |[[File:USFS-level1b.jpg|250px]]
|}
</center>
==== Level 5 & Level 3 ====
Note that Levels 5 and 3 may have ambiguity for Waze Editors. This is because there may be large variability in local interpretation of and actual maintenance due to weather and other effect which would determine the road type that is important to Wazers. In rural or some western states, some the very same type of USFS road may be best marked as a Minor Highway or Primary Street whereas in urban areas, they may be interpreted best as streets. Local editors or any available street view should be used to help decide the best mapping. Here are some suggestions.
'''USFS Level 5'''
'''USFS Level 3'''
* Preference is to always mark these roads as Waze type "Street."
* In rare cases pick "Dirt Off-Road / 4x4 TrailNot Maintained" if you verify the road is in poor condition.* Set the Unpaved attribute.
== Road Naming Conventions ==
There is wide variability in existing road names for roads on USFS land. Formal USFS road names you might see include "Forest Rd XXX," "Fire Service XXX," "F S XXX," "Nat For Dev Rd," "Forest Rte XXX," and "Forest Svc Rd." Those that have significant public or popular use may have local road names with road signs. State highways and county roads may traverse USFS land, and will be named under conventions for those types of roads.
=== USFS Naming Conventions ===
[[file: USFS-naming-convention.png | right | 400px]]
These naming conventions may help you understand the online GIS maps and PDF maps available from USFS.
Naming is typically recursive based upon road stubs. For instance, if a main road has name "2333" then stubs from that road may be, 23A33A, 23A133B, 23A233B1, 23B33B2, 23C33C, etc. using alternating designators designations (letters, numbers). The third level of “23A1” “33B1” is road 2333, stub AB, secondary stub 1. The exact choice is of this format is picked by different road engineers, so we cannot accurately predict something standardTBD See the image to the right for a pictorial of this concept.
=== Waze Naming Conventions ===
* Public highways and county roads should be named under conventions for the state or region. Do not use a USFS road number/name for these roads.
* USFS roads on the MVUMs with popular names as shown on posted road signs should be named per the road signage. Note that the MVUMs do not usually show these popular names. Use street-view or drive by the location to verify before changing names from a popular name to a USFS road number/name.
* USFS roads on the MVUMs that are not named or with an alternative naming convention should be named "FS-XXXX" where XXXX is the USFS road name on the MVUM. For example, main FS-333 road might have stub roads FS-333A through FS-333E or FS-333.1 through FS333.9. * In the online USFS MVUM maps you may see references to FS-XXX.0. You should not add the .0 in this case as the Forest Service does not use .0 designations in the local MVUM. In some units, the Forest Service does not use .1 designations in the local MVUM either. You should always confirm road naming with the printed MVUM maps. In any case of conflict, the MVUM PDF maps take precedence.* Fire Service Roads, roads designated for Forest Fire services, shall also use the "FS-XXX" designation
== USFS Landmarks Places for Waze ==
Resources at USFS websites or USFS maps may be useful at correctly naming and adding USFS landmarks Places to the Waze Map. USFS MUVMs contain names of campgrounds and other items of interest. The following convention is suggested for some landmark Places types. Please refer to the other Waze landmark standards (link TBD) [https://wiki.waze.com/wiki/Places Places Wiki page] for additional more guidanceon how now to create an Area or Point "Place" and categories to choose.
{| class="wikitable" cellpadding="10"
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>USFS Item</b>
|style="text-align:center;" |<b>Waze Landmark Place Type</b>|style="text-align:center;" |<b>How to place Waze LandmarkPlace</b>
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Campground<br>[[file:USFS-icon-campground.png |25px]]|style="text-align:center;" |Campground / RV Park|style="text-align:left;" |Map campground Create an Area Place to boarder the border of camping area including all roads and campsites. Name the Place the specific name of the campground as seen on the MVUM.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Ranger StationPicnic Area<br>[[file:USFS-icon-picnicarea.png |25px]]|style="text-align:center;" |Government / Municipal BuildingOutdoors-Park|style="text-align:left;" |Map boarder Create an Area Place to the border of ranger station building and picnic area. Add the associated parking lotarea as well. Name the Place the specific name of the picnic area as seen on the MVUM.
|- style="vertical-align:top;"
|style="text-align:center;" |Visitor CenterInformation Site<br>[[file:USFS-icon-infosite.png |25px]]|style="text-align:center;" |Government / Municipal BuildingProfessional and public-Information Point|style="text-align:left;" |Map boarder This may be a ranger station or visitor center. Create a Point Place on the associated building. Name the Point Place the specific name of the ranger station, visitor center building , or other item as seen on the MVUM.|- style="vertical-align:top;"|style="text-align:center;" |Other POIs|style="text-align:center;" |Outdoors-Park (usually)|style="text-align:left;" |USFS lands hold a number of other Points of Interest that might be appropriate to create Places. This information may not be shown on a MVUM, but of interest to Wazers and associated parking lotavailable through other means or observation. Create a Place as appropriate.
|}
The <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/ohv/ USFS Travel Management & Off-Highway Vehicle (OHV) Program]</b> website contains a number of resources that will be useful for Waze editors. Specific links follow.
=== Interactive Travel Online MVUM Map ===
The <b>[httphttps://appsusfs.fsmaps.fedarcgis.uscom/TravelAccess Interactive Travel home/webmap/viewer.html?layers=f3ddf325eb02467da65b08d73280ae4a Motor Vehicle Use Map: Roads and Trails]</b> is a GIS system for USFS land and roads. It shows the National Forest System roads, National Forest System trails, and areas on National Forest System lands that are designated for motor vehicle use. The map is searchable by vehicle class, time of year, route number, and travel mode. You can zoom into an area on a national forest or grassland, see the roads and trails in that area, and find out which ones are open to motor vehicles, and when. You can see rivers, lakes, mountain peaks, campgroundsTo identify roads for mapping in Waze, you should expand the contents and topographic lines. Land ownership is shown by color. You can also print a map of select only the area you wish to visitMVUM Symbology, with only Roads selected.
This site may not have the most current data from every part of the United States, so make sure to check other resourcesA [https://greasyfork. Data may not be org/en/scripts/28097-wme-fs-mvum-gis-map/ TamperMonkey script] is available for all forestseditors that will open this MVUM Online Map in a new window that matches the current Waze editor view.
=== USFS Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUM) ===
Motor Vehicle Use Maps (MVUM) identify specifically where USFS allows use of their roads by public motor vehicles. They are available for a small fee in hard copy online, are free at USFS offices, or can be found online in PDF format.
A <b>[http://www.fs.fed.us/recreation/programs/ohv/ohv_maps.shtml listing of forests that maintain MVUMMVUMs]</b> is available as a great resource for Waze editors. From this link you must select the appropriate forest listed by state. On those pages will be listed the MVUMs that are available.  === Similar Road Systems === * [[Indian Reservation Roads]]* [[Bureau_of_Land_Management_(BLM)|Bureau of Land Management]]* [[National Park Service]] == References ==
=== (1) Discussions with USFS GIS Data ===staff.<br>(2) USFS website.
We have arranged to get access to current GIS data sets from the various forests. Details on this data are being worked to provide easier access. Until we have details worked out, PM user vectorspace to obtain more information.[[Category:USA]][[Category:Style Guides]]
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