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Cameras/Legality

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Speed (NY): Updated New York information
The legality of photo/video enforcement of traffic laws varies from state to state and between the various jurisdictions inside a state depending on how the laws are written. Below is a list of the laws by state. '''DISCLAIMER:''' We are not attorneys and are not responsible for mistakes and/or outdated information.The most current information has been found on [http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/laws/automated_enforcement/enforcementtable IIHS] and [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/auto_enforce.html GSHA]. Not all camera looking devices at intersections are speed or red light cameras. Review the article on [[cameras]] before adding them to the map. <div class="toclimit-{{{1|{{{limit|3}}}}}}">__TOC__</div><!-- Limits TOC to 3 "=" --> == State table ==
== State By State ==
'''Legend'''
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
|- align="center"
| Not Legal Statewide || bgcolor="#FF0000"| '''NOT LEGAL'''|- align="center"| Legal in Certain Jurisdictions| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Notes_by_state|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| Legal in Certain Jurisdictions |Statewide| bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00"| '''[[#State Name|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| Legal Statewide |No State Law| bgcolor="#00FF00FFFFFF"| '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''[field is left blank]
|}
 
{| border="1" cellpadding="2"
|- align="center"
! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|State! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|Red Light Cameras! scope="col" width="200pt" bgcolor="skyblue"|Speed Cameras|- align="center"| [[Alabama]]| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Alabama|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''||- align="center"| [[Alaska]]||
|- align="center"
| [[AlabamaArizona]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[AlaskaArkansas]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Arkansas|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[ArizonaCalifornia]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | |'''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|
|- align="center"
| [[ArkansasColorado]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Colorado|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Colorado| SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[California]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[ColoradoConnecticut]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[ConnecticutDelaware]] || bgcolor="#FF000000FF00"| '''NOT LEGALSTATEWIDE''' || bgcolor="#FF0000"| '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[DelawareDistrict of Columbia]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[Florida]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | |'''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|
|- align="center"
| [[Georgia]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | |'''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|
|- align="center"
| [[Hawaii]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Idaho]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Illinois]] || bgcolor="#FFFF00"| '''[[#Illinois|SEE NOTES BELOW]]''' || bgcolor="#FFFF00"| '''[[#Illinois|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Indiana]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Indiana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''|
|- align="center"
| [[Iowa]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Iowa|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Iowa|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Kansas]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Kentucky]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Louisiana]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[Maine]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Maryland]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Maryland|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Maryland|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Massachusetts]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Michigan]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Minnesota]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Mississippi]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Missouri]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Montana]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Montana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Nebraska]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Nevada]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nevada|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Nevada|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Hampshire]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Jersey]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[New Mexico]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#New_Mexico|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#New_Mexico|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[New York]] || bgcolor="#FFFF00"| '''[[#New YorkNew_York|SEE NOTES BELOW]]''' || bgcolor="#FF0000FFFF00"| '''NOT LEGAL[[#New_York|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[North Carolina]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#North_Carolina|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''|
|- align="center"
| [[North Dakota]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Ohio]] || bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00"| '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE''' || bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00"| '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[Oklahoma]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Oregon]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Oregon|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Pennsylvania]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Pennsylvania|SEE NOTES BELOW]]''' |
|- align="center"
| [[Rhode Island]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | |'''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''|
|- align="center"
| [[South Carolina]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[South Dakota]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Tennessee]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Tennessee|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Tennessee|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Texas]] |bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE''' |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Utah]] || bgcolor="#FF0000FFFF00"| '''NOT LEGAL''' || bgcolor="[[#FF0000"Utah| SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''NOT LEGAL''' |
|- align="center"
| [[Vermont]] || ||
|- align="center"
| [[Virginia]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Virginia|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Washington]] |bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Washington|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Washington|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[West Virginia]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Wisconsin]] |bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''|bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Wyoming]] || ||
|}
== Notes By State by state ==<!-- Add states alphabetically --> === Alabama === Red light cameras are limited to Montgomery. Speed cameras have no laws regulating them. === Arkansas === Photo radar only in school zones and railroad crossings with an officer present at the time of the infraction. '''There are no current programs.''' === Colorado === Speed cameras are restricted to construction zones, school zones, residential areas, and roads adjacent to municipal parks. 
=== Illinois ===
*See the list of communities where red light cameras are legal [[Illinois#Speed_Speed .2F_Red_Light_Cameras 2F Red Light Cameras| here ]]. Speed *Mobile speed cameras may be in use in construction zones statewide; these cameras should not be mapped.*Municipalities with a population of 1,000,000 or more may use speed cameras in safety zones (one-eighth mile from school or park). ''The City of Chicago is currently the only Illinois community to qualify for speed camera placement.'' === Iowa === There are no statewide laws for red light or speed cameras in Iowa. All existing cameras operate under programs directed by local ordinance. === Indiana === The only cameras allowed under state law are for toll booth areas only for purposes of non payment enforcement. === Maryland === Speed cameras are authorized in school zones and work zones statewide (and in residential areas in Montgomery County ONLY), but each jurisdiction (county/city) must pass legislation to implement them. The Maryland State Highway Administration has detailed FAQs on Speed Cameras on [http://www.roads.maryland.gov/pages/faqs.aspx its website]. Red Light cameras are authorized statewide, but require SHA approval before installation on state roads. The Maryland SHA has details about Red Light cameras on [http://www.roads.maryland.gov/Index.aspx?PageId=782 its website]. The [[Maryland#Speed and red light cameras|Maryland]] page has details on local camera systems. === Missouri === Speed: No state law, but there may be programs operating under [http://www.modot.mo.gov/documents/2011AECommissionPolicy.pdf Missouri DOT policy]. Red light: No state law, but there may be programs operating under Missouri DOT policy on state maintained roadways. Local municipalities may be operating under their own policies. === Montana === All localities are prohibited from using red light cameras. However, rail crossings are excepted from this law. === Nebraska === There are no statewide laws regulating red light or speed cameras in Nebraska. However, there are NO cameras present in any municipality and all cameras added to the map should be removed. === Nevada === Nevada state law prohibits use of imaging equipment unless it is hand-held by an officer or installed in a vehicle or facility of a law enforcement agency. Traditional enforcement penalties: $1,000 maximum fine and 4 points. '''There are no current programs.''' === New Jersey ===The New Jersey Red-Light-Running pilot program ended 12/16/14. Red light cameras are currently '''prohibited'''. === New Mexico === No state law specifically authorizing automated enforcement. NMDOT has banned red light cameras and mobile enforcement vans on state and federal roadways. State law requires counties and municipalities using camera enforcement to post a warning sign and a warning beacon.
=== New York ===
==== Red light (NY) ==== Red light cameras are permitted <b>'''only</b> ''' in the following locations([http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=@SLVAT0T7A24+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW Vehicle & Traffic Law Article 24]): * Cities with a population greater than one million (currently NYC only) are permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 150 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT11111111-A$$ Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-A(a)1.]).* Nassau County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.stategov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-B Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B(a)1.ny]).us*City of Yonkers is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 intersections ([https://LAWSSEAFwww.nysenate.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-B%2A2 Vehicle &QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111Traffic Law § 1111-B*2(a)1.])*Suffolk County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-B$$ %2A4 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*4(a)1.])*City of New Rochelle is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 12 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-D Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-D(a)1.])*City of Mount Vernon is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 12 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-D%2A2 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-D*2(a)1.])*City of Albany is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 20 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-D%2A3 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-D*3(a)1.])*City of White Plains is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 12 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-E Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-E(a)1.]) ==== Speed (NY) ==== ===== New York City =====On August 1, 2013 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits New York City to establish a five-year demonstration program to monitor school speed zones in New York City with speed cameras and to allow evidence captured on camera to be used to impose liability for speeding. This new law will enhance the safety of children, pedestrians and drivers in New York City school speed zones by encouraging drivers to drive with caution through these areas and supplement law enforcement efforts to catch violations and prevent accidents caused by speeding. ([http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/08012013-speed-cameras-in-school-zones Governor's press release]) New York City was originally authorized to set up 20 cameras in school zones. (There was some discrepancy in media reports if this means they are limited to just 20 cameras or if they can put multiple cameras in each of 20 school zones.) These cameras can be moved from school zone to school zone as the city sees fit. The cameras can only operate during school hours and/or after-school activities. This is a 5 year pilot program - the law is set to expire on August 1, 2018 unless it is extended by the New York State Legislature. On June 25, 2014 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits up to 245 speed cameras, including vehicle mounted mobile speed cameras throughout New York City and Long Island. The bill would authorize up to 69 cameras in Suffolk County and 56 in Nassau County. New York City already has 20 of the devices and stands to get 120 more. ([http://newyork.cbslocal.com/2014/06/25/cuomo-oks-more-speed-cameras-near-nyc-long-island-schools/ CBS NY]) 2000 new speed cameras are being installed between May 2019 and May 2020 in NYC. This includes in all 750 school zones ([https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2019/05/24/nyc-speed-camera-all-school-zones/ CBS NY]). Cameras can be placed within 1/4 radius of schools and are operational from 6am to 10pm on weekdays ([https://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/264-19/vision-zero-mayor-rapid-expansion-life-saving-speed-camera-program-stronger-law/#/0 NYC Vision Zero Website]). The program will need to be renewed in 2022. ===== Buffalo =====The City of Buffalo may install speed cameras in up to 20 schools zones for a 5-year pilot program ([https://buffalonews.com/2019/03/19/state-law-will-allow-cameras-to-catch-speeders-in-buffalo-school-zones/ Buffalo News]). The program went live in January 2020 with 14 out of 20 planned cameras, with tickets to be issued starting February 6 2020 ([https://www.wgrz.com/article/news/local/14-school-speed-zone-cameras-now-live-in-buffalo/71-1fe83af1-0292-4a28-a5dc-0b737d7d48dd NBC News]). Cameras are live during school hours at set to trigger at 11mph over the 15mph school zone speed limit. More details and mapping standards for the cameras are documented in a [https://www.waze.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=250&t=298427 post in the New York Waze Forum]. === North Carolina === Red Light Cameras are only legal in Raleigh, Fayetteville, and Wilimington at this time.
=== Ohio ===
See list Red light and speed cameras are legal statewide in Ohio, but '''an officer must be present at the time of violation'''. === Oregon === On July 20, 2015 HB 2621 was signed into law, allowing fixed speed cameras in “urban high crash corridors” within the city limits of Portland. As of communities where August 2, 2016 the first cameras are being activated and more are planned to be placed in the following months. === Pennsylvania === Philadelphia is currently the only city with active red light cameras, however red light cameras are also legal in a few cites and suburban towns. Speed Cameras are permitted to be used in work "construction" zones. See the [[OhioPennsylvania#Speed_.2F_Red_Light_Cameras Cameras| here section on Speed and Red-Light Cameras]] on the [[Pennsylvania]]state page for more information.
=== Tennessee ===
 Each municipality may decide to use "unmanned traffic enforcement cameras", but they are all governed by state-wide laws contained in Tennessee Code Annotated Section 55, Chapter 8, Sub-Section 198 (TCA § 55-8-198). *All cameras must be signed (TCA § 55-8-198(c)(2))*No Cameras allowed on Interstates except for temporary work zones (TCA § 55-8-198(f))*No cameras allowed near speed limit changes of 10 mph or greater (TCA § 55-8-198(l)) === Texas=== Although the state allows red light cameras, some communities are not using them. Some cities (Houston) have used them, but then decided to take them down. === Vermont === Speed and red light cameras are NOT legal in the State of Vermont. === Virginia === Each town, independent city, and county may elect to install a limited number of red-light cameras pursuant to state law, but not all jurisdictions have done so. (Va. Code § 15.2-968.1)  === Washington === Both Red Light and Speed Cameras are legal across the entire state of Washington except in Whatcom County === Wisconsin === The state of Wisconsin prohibits the use of any Speed or Red Light cameras. <!--=== {State Name } ===
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[[Category:USA]]<br/>[[Category:Red Links|Red_Links]]
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