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Cameras/Legality

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Speed (NY): Updated New York information
The legality of photo/video enforcement of traffic laws varies from state to state and between the various jurisdictions inside a state depending on how the laws are written. Below is a list of the laws by state. '''DISCLAIMER:''' We are not attorneys and are not responsible for mistakes and/or outdated information. The most current information has been found on [http://www.iihs.org/iihs/topics/laws/automated_enforcement/enforcementtable?topicName=Red%20light%20running#tableData IIHS] and [http://www.ghsa.org/html/stateinfo/laws/auto_enforce.html GSHA].
Not all camera looking devices at intersections are speed or red light cameras. Review the article on [[cameras]] before adding them to the map.
| Legal Statewide
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| No State Law
| bgcolor="#FFFFFF" | [field is left blank]
|}
| [[Alabama]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Alabama|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Alaska]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Arizona]]
| [[California]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Colorado]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00FFFF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE[[#Colorado|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Colorado|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
 
|- align="center"
| [[Connecticut]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Delaware]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[District of Columbia]]
| [[Florida]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Georgia]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Hawaii]]
| bgcolor="White#FF0000" | '''No State LawNOT LEGAL'''| bgcolor="White#FF0000" | '''No State LawNOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Idaho]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Illinois]]
|- align="center"
| [[Indiana]]
| bgcolor="White#FFFF00" | '''No State Law[[#Indiana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Iowa]]
|- align="center"
| [[Kansas]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Kentucky]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Louisiana]]
|- align="center"
| [[Massachusetts]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Michigan]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Minnesota]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Mississippi]]
|- align="center"
| [[Missouri]]
| bgcolor="White#FFFF00" | '''No State Law[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="White#FFFF00" | '''No State Law[[#Missouri|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Montana]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Montana|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White#FF0000" | '''No State LawNOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Nebraska]]
| bgcolor="White#FFFF00" | '''No State Law[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''| bgcolor="White#FFFF00" | '''No State Law[[#Nebraska|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
|- align="center"
| [[Nevada]]
|- align="center"
| [[New Jersey]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00FF0000" | '''[[#New_Jersey|SEE NOTES BELOW]]NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[North Carolina]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#North_Carolina|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[North Dakota]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Ohio]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00" | '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''| bgcolor="#FFFF0000FF00" | '''[[#Ohio|SEE NOTES BELOW]]LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
|- align="center"
| [[Oklahoma]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Oregon]]
| [[Pennsylvania]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Pennsylvania|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Rhode Island]]
| bgcolor="#00FF00" | '''LEGAL STATEWIDE'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[South Carolina]]
| [[Utah]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Utah|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Vermont]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|- align="center"
| [[Virginia]]
| bgcolor="#FFFF00" | '''[[#Virginia|SEE NOTES BELOW]]'''
| bgcolor="White#FF0000" | '''No State LawNOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Washington]]
| [[Wisconsin]]
| bgcolor="#FF0000" | '''NOT LEGAL'''
| bgcolor="White#FF0000" | '''No State LawNOT LEGAL'''
|- align="center"
| [[Wyoming]]
| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''| bgcolor="White" | '''No State Law'''
|}
=== Arkansas ===
Photo radar only in school zones and railroad crossings with an officer present at the time of the infraction.'''There are no current programs.'''
=== Colorado ===
Speed cameras are restricted to construction zones, school zones, residential areas, and roads adjacent to municipal parks. === Hawaii === The state of Hawaii prohibits the use of any Speed or Red Light cameras. === Idaho === Idaho has no state law regarding the use of speed cameras or red light cameras. As of December 2013, the state neither operates nor has publicized plans to operate in the future, cameras of either type.
=== Illinois ===
The [[Maryland#Speed and red light cameras|Maryland]] page has details on local camera systems.
=== Nebraska Missouri === Speed: No state law, but there may be programs operating under [http://www.modot.mo.gov/documents/2011AECommissionPolicy.pdf Missouri DOT policy]. Red light: No state law, but there may be programs operating under Missouri DOT policy on state maintained roadways. Local municipalities may be operating under their own policies. === Montana ===
Red All localities are prohibited from using red light and speed cameras . However, rail crossings are illegal in the state of Nebraska. All cameras added to the map should be removedexcepted from this law.
=== New Jersey Nebraska ===New Jersey is piloting a Red-Light-Running (RLR) camera program at authorized intersections in select municipalities throughout the state. Further information, including a document describing all authorized intersections within the state, can be found [http://www.nj.gov/transportation/refdata/rlr/ here].
Due to the controversial nature of this program, some municipalities may have outlawed There are no statewide laws regulating red-light or speed cameras in Nebraska. However, there are NO cameras after initially applying for present in any municipality and being authorized all cameras added to use them. Such places may appear on the list of authorized intersections, but no longer have cameras theremap should be removed.
At the time of this Wiki's writing, the following municipalities are known to have outlawed red-light cameras, despite having intersections authorized by the state for their use:=== Nevada ===
*Brick townshipNevada state law prohibits use of imaging equipment unless it is hand-held by an officer or installed in a vehicle or facility of a law enforcement agency. Traditional enforcement penalties: $1, Ocean County000 maximum fine and 4 points. '''There are no current programs.'''
Editors should be advised to double=== New Jersey ===The New Jersey Red-check, as best as possible, the actual status of redLight-Running pilot program ended 12/16/14. Red light cameras marked in Waze before approving themare currently '''prohibited'''.
=== New Mexico ===
Red light cameras are permitted '''only''' in the following locations ([http://public.leginfo.state.ny.us/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=@SLVAT0T7A24+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW Vehicle & Traffic Law Article 24]):
*Cities with a population greater than one million (currently NYC only) are permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 150 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT11111111-A$$ Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-A(a)1.]).*Nassau County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT11111111-B$$ Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B(a)1.]).*City of Yonkers is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+1111-B%2A2 Vehicle &QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111Traffic Law § 1111-B*2$$@TXVAT01111(a)1.])*Suffolk County is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 intersections ([https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/VAT/1111-B*2+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW %2A4 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*24(a)1.])*City of Buffalo New Rochelle is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 50 12 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*3$$@TXVAT011111111-B*3+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW D Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*3D(a)1.])*City of Rochester Mount Vernon is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 50 12 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*4$$@TXVAT011111111-B*4+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW D%2A2 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-BD*42(a)1.])*Suffolk County City of Albany is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 100 20 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*5$$@TXVAT011111111-B*5+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW D%2A3 Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-BD*53(a)1.])*City of Syracuse White Plains is permitted to install and operate red light cameras at up to 25 12 intersections ([httphttps://publicwww.leginfonysenate.state.ny.usgov/legislation/laws/VAT/LAWSSEAF.cgi?QUERYTYPE=LAWS+&QUERYDATA=$$VAT1111-B*6$$@TXVAT011111111-B*6+&LIST=LAW+&BROWSER=EXPLORER+&TOKEN=25701749+&TARGET=VIEW E Vehicle & Traffic Law § 1111-B*6E(a)1.])
==== Speed (NY) ====
===== New York City =====
On August 1, 2013 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits New York City to establish a five-year demonstration program to monitor school speed zones in New York City with speed cameras and to allow evidence captured on camera to be used to impose liability for speeding. This new law will enhance the safety of children, pedestrians and drivers in New York City school speed zones by encouraging drivers to drive with caution through these areas and supplement law enforcement efforts to catch violations and prevent accidents caused by speeding. ([http://www.governor.ny.gov/press/08012013-speed-cameras-in-school-zones Governor's press release])
New York City was originally authorized to set up 20 cameras in school zones. (There was some discrepancy in media reports if this means they are limited to just 20 cameras or if they can put multiple cameras in each of 20 school zones.) These cameras can be moved from school zone to school zone as the city sees fit. The cameras can only operate during school hours and/or after-school activities. This is a 5 year pilot program - the law is set to expire on August 1, 2018 unless it is extended by the New York State Legislature.
On June 25, 2014 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits up to 245 speed cameras, including vehicle mounted mobile speed cameras throughout New York City was originally authorized and Long Island. The bill would authorize up to set up 20 69 cameras in school zonesSuffolk County and 56 in Nassau County. (There was some discrepancy in media reports if this means they are limited to just New York City already has 20 cameras or if they can put multiple cameras in each of 20 school zonesthe devices and stands to get 120 more. ([http://newyork.) These cameras can be moved from school zone to school zone as the city sees fitcbslocal. The com/2014/06/25/cuomo-oks-more-speed-cameras can only operate during school hours and/or after-school activities. This is a 5 year pilot program near-nyc-long-island- the law is set to expire on August 1, 2018 unless it is extended by the New York State Legislature.schools/ CBS NY])
2000 new speed cameras are being installed between May 2019 and May 2020 in NYC. This includes in all 750 school zones ([https://newyork.cbslocal.com/2019/05/24/nyc-speed-camera-all-school-zones/ CBS NY]). Cameras can be placed within 1/4 radius of schools and are operational from 6am to 10pm on weekdays ([https://www1.nyc.gov/office-of-the-mayor/news/264-19/vision-zero-mayor-rapid-expansion-life-saving-speed-camera-program-stronger-law/#/0 NYC Vision Zero Website]). The program will need to be renewed in 2022.
On June 25, 2014 Governor Andrew M. Cuomo signed legislation that permits up to 245 ===== Buffalo =====The City of Buffalo may install speed cameras, including vehicle mounted mobile speed cameras throughout New York City and Long Island. The bill would authorize in up to 69 20 schools zones for a 5-year pilot program ([https://buffalonews.com/2019/03/19/state-law-will-allow-cameras -to-catch-speeders-in Suffolk County and 56 -buffalo-school-zones/ Buffalo News]). The program went live in Nassau County. New York City already has January 2020 with 14 out of 20 of the devices and stands planned cameras, with tickets to get 120 more. be issued starting February 6 2020 ([httphttps://newyorkwww.cbslocalwgrz.com/2014article/06news/25local/cuomo14-oksschool-morespeed-speedzone-cameras-nearnow-live-in-buffalo/71-1fe83af1-nyc0292-long4a28-islanda5dc-schools0b737d7d48dd NBC News]). Cameras are live during school hours at set to trigger at 11mph over the 15mph school zone speed limit. More details and mapping standards for the cameras are documented in a [https://www.waze.com/forum/ CBS NYviewtopic.php?f=250&t=298427 post in the New York Waze Forum]).
=== North Carolina ===
=== Ohio ===
See the list of communities where Red light and speed cameras are legal [[statewide in Ohio#Speed .2F Red Light Cameras|here]], but '''an officer must be present at the time of violation'''.
=== Oregon ===
On July 20, 2015 HB 2621 was signed into law, allowing fixed speed cameras in “urban high crash corridors” within the city limits of Portland. They must be preceded by a sign announcing “Traffic Laws Photo Enforced” that also provides drivers with their current speed between 100 and 400 yards before the camera.
Several cities are allowed to operate manned speed As of August 2, 2016 the first cameras but these are not fixed-location radar being activated and should not more are planned to be designated placed in Wazethe following months.
=== Pennsylvania ===
Philadelphia is currently the only city with active red light cameras, however red light cameras are also legal in a few cites and suburban towns. Speed Cameras are permitted to be used in work "construction" zones. See the [[Pennsylvania#Cameras|section on Speed and Red-Light Cameras]] on the [[Pennsylvania]] state page for more information.
=== Tennessee ===
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