地図編集の基本

From Wazeopedia

Revision as of 02:42, 1 October 2012 by Taka (talk | contribs) (New page: このページは、Wazeの地図の編集者にとって、重要な出発点です。 あなたがよい地図編集者になるために必要な情報の多くが用意されている...)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

このページは、Wazeの地図の編集者にとって、重要な出発点です。 あなたがよい地図編集者になるために必要な情報の多くが用意されているので最後まで読み通してください。 これらの内容を理解する前に地図の編集を始めるとそれは、有害無益ともなるでしょう。

あなたの疑問に対する答えがWikiになければ、Wazeフォーラムで質問してください。きっと経験豊かなWazersが答えてくれるでしょう。 まずは、このWikiに答えがないか必ず探してください。

外部の地図データの使用について

Wazeのデータベースや地図に追加するために外部の著作権で保護された情報源を使用することは許可されていません。外部の著作権情報には、Google、Bingの航空写真のようなWazeによって提供されないオンライン地図や出版物による情報も含みます。

Googleの使用許諾は、Wazeの地図を更新するために、Googleの航空写真を使うことができないことを意味します。それらの使用許諾は、Wazeの地図とデータベースのユーザまたは編集者にもあてはまります。ユーザは、Wazeの地図を編集するためにGoogleの航空写真を使うことができません。 わずかな権限として、地図帳で地図を見るように参考文献としてそれらを利用することは可能です。しかし、GreasemonkeyスクリプトのGoogzeのようなオーバレイのことではありません。 外部の著作権で保護された情報源(例えばGoogleの航空写真)を使用することは、あなたの国や地域で編集した変更点をすべて元に戻さなくてはならない危険性があります。 ユーザがそのようなことをしたならば、それはその人が地図の更新にかけたすべての時間を損なうでしょう。そして、Wazeはすべての編集内容を元に戻す必要があります。 他にも予期せぬことがあります。 Wazeはチリとその他の南米においてすべての地図を削除しなければなりませんでした。 地図データの情報源が許可されたものでなかったためです。だから地図編集をするとき、Waze公認の画像の代わりにGoogleの航空写真を使用する方法として、Googzeを使わないでください。 ユーザは、Wazeが航空写真へアクセスできるようにするため彼らの国の関係当局と交渉するかもしれませんがWazeを代表して交渉しているという印象を与えないように注意しなければなりません。しかし、個人として公共の自由に入手が可能な航空写真を作っている自治体の許可を明らかとするためにユーザは母国語で地方自治体と話すことは制限しません。 外部の著作権情報がWazeによって提供されるわずかな情報ソース(オンラインエディタやアプリケーションの内部のツール)としても含むことがないよう注意してください。 ユーザによって独自に編集する地図への追加は、著作権のない情報である限り許容されます。


The Road Maps

The Waze map was started in many countries by importing publicly available road data. This data was fairly accurate in geometry, but could be dated. It also did not include some details vital for a navigation system such as permitted travel direction, and distinctions between driveable roads and non-driveable ways, such as railroads and canals. The imported maps also did not indicate if a junction or bridge was present where roads crossed. Waze defaulted to a junction in all cases, and even though turn restrictions may show as being in place at these junctions, all turns are actually allowed if the segments have never been edited. This set of data was enough to get started, but definitely needed updating and maintenance.

This is where two key aspects of the Waze system come into play:

  1. The web-based map editing tools for Waze users to edit maps of their neighborhoods, cities or other places with which they are familiar.
  2. The collecting of GPS data from Waze users to modify the maps to set road direction and turning permissions at intersections.

Some countries had no data available for their road systems, so the maps for these countries must be built from the ground up by Waze users. The maps are created in the web editor using roads recorded in the Waze client and the stored GPS tracks of all Waze users superimposed over available aerial photography.


The Map Editors

Waze is currently using its second generation map editing interface (covered in this article). Known as the Waze Map Editor (or WME for short), it is the default editor for Waze since September 19, 2011. This editor interface is internally code-named "Papyrus", and was functionally upgraded on August 12, 2012. There are currently three different server farms managing the maps of the world. Be sure to log into the appropriate server when making edits to a particular part of the world. You can use the same username on all servers, but your editing points are managed separately by each server. Also the maps are not synchronized between the servers, so for example if you went to the North America server to modify parts of Europe, the different server supporting Wazers in Europe would not see your changes.

The original (first generation) editor called Cartouche was used prior to the new Waze Map Editor. While it is still available, you should not be using unless you are an advanced user because it can possibly cause synchronization issues on the map. There are a few functions not yet available in the new Waze Map Editor that the experienced users will need to access from time to time until they are added to the new editor. The Cartouche editor is sometimes referred to as "old Cartouche," and as with the new editor, there are currently three different servers managing the maps of the world. Be sure to log into the appropriate server when making edits to a particular part of the world. You can use the same username on all servers, but your editing points are managed separately by each server. Please do not use the Cartouche editor without first checking the forums for why you want to use it.

When editing the Waze maps, please be sure to first review this page and also follow the best map editing practice. You should also be aware of known Waze Map Editor issues or missing features.

Using the WME, you can add, edit, or delete nearly any object within your editable area. If a road segment is locked by a user with a higher editing level than you, the road, intersection, or turn permissions connected to that road segment cannot be altered unless you chose one of the following:

  • Place a request to the Update Request forums to unlock that segment by giving them a permalink with the segment or segments highlighted and a country manager may unlock it for you.
  • Send a Private Message (PM) to the previous editor using the Forum PM functionality. As of the August 12, 2012 update, Area Managers are no longer able to override segments locked by higher-level editors.


Editable Area

Your editable area consists of:

  • A 1-mile radius of any location you have driven with Waze running in the past 3 to 4 months.
  • Areas in which you have requested to be an Area Manager.


Map Editing Quick-start Guide

Learning the best map editing techniques for proper navigation and appearance takes some time and practice, but it can be a fun and rewarding experience too. You can be proud that you are improving the experience for all Waze users. The details in later sections of this page are important for you to learn, but for simple edits, there is a Map Editing Quick-start Guide to get you going quickly.


Accessing the Waze Map Editor (WME)

The Waze Map Editor editor is currently officially supported on the Chrome browser only. It may or may not work on other browsers, but there is currently no official support for issues that might arise.

You can access the map editing page directly using the links above in The Map Editors section, or you can reach it from the Waze homepage as follows:

  1. From the Waze homepage select the Login link at the top-right corner of the screen.
  2. Select "Live Map" in the main navigation header.
  3. Select "Update Map" located just above the map viewer.

Once logged in, your screen should look something like this:

Papyrus sample post login.png

For the sake of efficiency, you may also wish to bookmark the link directly to the map editor:

Be sure to check out the Map Editing Tips and Hints page for some shortcuts for logging in to the map editor and other great pieces of information to enhance your map editing.


Map Editing Basics

The Waze Map Editor editor was designed to be used without much documentation, but this list will give the quick basics for drawing a new road, roundabout, or landmark

  1. Click the item you want to create under the big + button
    • For a road, click to start drawing, click to add a geometry node as you follow a path, and double-click (or shift-click) to end drawing
    • For a roundabout, click at the center of the roundabout and move the mouse to size it. Click to create it. Note there must be roads leading into the roundabout first.
    • For a landmark, or POI (Point of Interest), click to start the landmark and click as you follow the outline of the area. Double-click to end drawing.
  2. For each object, there are details you need to enter before saving, such as the city, street name, direction and level, or landmark type for landmarks.
  3. Click the Save button

You can also modify or delete existing map objects. You do this by selecting an object, then modifying its geometry, location or properties. What is possible with each object depends on the type of object. The Editing Manual is where you will find all the details necessary to understand all the editor functionality.


Permalink

Error creating thumbnail: Unable to save thumbnail to destination

In the Waze Map Editor, a permalink is a URL used to take you or someone else directly to a specific map location. It stores and encodes the latitude, longitude, zoom level, visible layers, and any objects such as roads, junctions, or landmarks which are selected at the time the permalink is recorded.

To create a permalink to your current map editor view, first set the zoom level and select any road segments or junctions you want to point out to the user who will view the permalink. Use the multiple select option for your browser (CTRL-LEFT-CLICK for Windows-based systems). You can right-click the Permalink hyperlink at the lower right corner of the browser screen (see image). That will bring up the option to copy the URL into your computer clipboard.

Alternately you can left-click the hyperlink to reload the page which updates the URL at the top of the browser window which you can highlight and copy. With this method, be sure to first save any unsaved changes because this operation of the Permalink button will reload the browser window and lose any unsaved changes.

If you notice the road layer does not match the Bing aerial layer, you can press the Permalink button to regenerate the screen and clear up the misalignment. If instead you use the browser reload option the map will move to the location of the last time you pressed the Permalink button.

The last permalink is saved with your user profile. When you restart the browser and go to the Waze Map Editor, it will automatically take you to the last permalink you recorded.


Keyboard Shortcuts

Template:Keyboard shortcuts WME


Map Update Timing

Edits made in the online editors do not appear on the LiveMap nor client immediately. Waze has a long-term goal of 24hr update processing, but that isn't happening yet. Please see the Timeline of updating process page for more detail on the various processes Waze runs and expected update timing.


Editing Manual


Using External sources (such as Google Imagery)

Template:External sources