Australian Road labeling (Workbench)

From Wazeopedia

This page covers road names for the country listed in the page title. For other countries see this page.

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This forms part of Australian Editing Best Practice. Editors are encouraged to follow these guidelines.

Road Name & Number

This section has been revisioned, due to the implementation
of road shields for Australia.
We will have to map a lot of roads, before the feature
will be activated.

To get a road shield displayed in the client the form of the shield and the number (numeric or alphanumeric) that it should field have to be coded in the street name in a predefined pattern. The various patterns are described with proper examples in the section Road types . Please use the patterns exactly as stated there, otherwise the display in the client will not work properly.

Abbreviations & Acronyms

For place, feature, roadway & traverseable path naming, please see:

Abbreviations & Acronyms (Australia)

Road types

The following convention is the recommended way to label road types in Australia.

The Australian route numbering system contains a mix of old shielded routes and newer alphanumeric routes, with some overlap. Judgement and discretion may be necessary sometimes, especially as some states have been slow in implementing the new national alphanumberic system. Some road types in Australia officially use a newer official designated type or name, but may use the road sign from a previous or discontinued classification. If it is too difficult or complicated to determine the road type, it is best to label the road type in a way that would be helpful to the driver on that road.

More information can be found Here.

Special Note
Unfortunately there is no nation-wide consistent system. So if the need arises, you'll have to encode the proper shield according to the examples provided below, even if it is stated here as a different roadtype (i.e. NR8 is according to official WA governmental documents a freeway, even if its shield would be a Minor Hwy according to QLD or VIC standards). As stated above: use judgement and discration in combining the shields with the proper roadtype.


Waze Road Type Description Road Shield Examples
Freeway Freeway, motorway, expressway and tollway. There must be no intersections and there must be no access or exits except from ramps. Usually designated by a gold-on-green alphanumeric road number designation that begins with the letter "M".In the case of tollways the sign is presented in a gold-on-blue style, but for toll roads are handled in another way we don't cover it with the road shields. Australian Alphanumeric State Route M3.PNG
  • Road Type: Freeway
  • City: activate No-City checkbox
  • Name: <Mx>" - "<Name> i.e. „M3 - Eastern Fwy“ will be displayed as
    Australian Alphanumeric State Route M3.PNG Eastern Fwy
  • Lock: lv5

Major Highway

Waze Road Type Description Road Shield Examples
Major Highway National highways. Usually designated by gold-on-green shields with the word "National" written at the top. May contain alphanumeric numbering with the letter "A" at the start of the number, or may just use a number. Also referred to as primary routes. Australian National Route A8.pngNationalhwy.png
  • Road Type: Major
  • City: activate noCity checkbox
  • Name: <Axx>" - "<Name> i.e. „A8 - Barton Hwy“ will be displayed as
    Australian National Route A8.png Barton Hwy or
    <NHxx>" - "<Name> i.e. "NH1 - Stuart Hwy" will be displayed as
    Nationalhwy.png Stuart Hwy
  • Lock: lv3

Minor Highway

Waze Road Type Description Road Shield Examples
Minor Highway State highways or State Roads. Usually designated by a numbered white-on-blue bullet sign, or by a gold-on-green alphanumeric designation starting with the letter "B" or "C". Also referred to as secondary and tertiary routes. Australian State Route 8-1.pngAustralian Alphanumeric State Route B12.pngAustralian Alphanumeric State Route C234.PNG
  • Road Type: Minor
  • City: City Name, see Australian City Naming
  • Name: <SRxx>" - "<Name> i.e. „SR8 - Graham Farmer Hwy“ will be displayed as
    Australian State Route 8-1.png Graham Farmer Hwy or
    <Bxx>" - "<Name> i.e. "B12 - Mallee Hwy" will be displayed as
    Australian Alphanumeric State Route B12.png Mallee Hwy or
    <Cxxx>" - "<Name> i.e. "C234 - Borung Hwy" will be displayed as
    Australian Alphanumeric State Route C234.PNG Borung Hwy
  • Lock: lv3

A special note on locking:

The above mentioned roadtypes are vital for routing calculation in Waze, therefore they need to be locked to prevent especially new editors from unintentionally damaging these traffic arteries. But keep in mind that a lock also blocks lower level editors from adding streets. So only apply a lock on a segment, if all roads are


If creating a new road in a not yet mapped area, you also may choose to add just one short segment of an adjecting road (a handle) to create the junction and allow a lower level editor to connect the surrounding streets later without beeing

blocked by the locked highway.

Primary Street

Waze Road Type Description Road Shield Examples
Primary Street Main Roads, Regional Roads, Tourist Drives, Scenic Drives, etc that are not classified as highways. They connect suburbs and towns. May also include roads designated as"D" roads in some states. Also referred to as tertiary routes. Touristdrive.png
  • Road Type: Primary
  • City: City Name, see Australian City Naming
  • Name: <RRxxx>" - "<Name> i.e. „RR10 - Princes Hwy“ will be displayed as
    Touristdrive.png Princes Hwy
  • Lock: lv1


Waze Road Type Description Road Shield Examples
Street Urban streets and rural roads not identified above. Use also when in doubt of proper street type.
  • Road Type: Street
  • City: City Name, see Australian City Naming
  • Name: Streetname according to postal adress
  • Lock: lv1

Metroroads Description
MotorwayShield.png Metroroads are not a street type but a route, following various roadtypes. Currently subject to change into the above mentioned system - therefore we decided against implementing them into the Client. This entry is just for information purposes and to cover any questions arising

Dual Carriageways

The following convention should be followed where possible, although it is acknowledged that you may need to deviate from it in some circumstances.

A road can be split into be 2 one-way roads if all of the following conditions are met:

  1. The central reservation is greater than 15m.
  2. There's a visible gap between the GPS traces at 100m zoom.
  3. It is split by physical barrier (e.g. Grass, raised concrete, jersey barrier etc).

Pedestrian refuges and painted road separations (cross hatching that can be driven over) should not normally be split.

Special Note

Keep in mind that Waze actually works best when roads are not split, because all reports made in the app for the other carriageway on split roads are in vain, because the app currently doesn't support these kinds of reports. Road splitting used to be more common in the past, so we have since increased the conditions to be met before splitting a road.

If there is a perfectly working split road that does not meet the above stated conditions in the editor, don't unsplit it. It's a lot of work that can be put into improving other areas of the Waze map, rather than the risk of losing valuable traffic data if editing is not done correctly.

Motorway Carriageway Naming Convention

Whenever possible, on split roads, name carriageways with the direction of travel. Insert the direction of travel at the end of the road name:

1. M3 - Eastern Fwy (Inbound)
2. A4 - (W)
3. M25 - (ACW)

This makes traffic and incident reports much more useful and helps with navigation.

Exit and Entrance ramps (on/off ramps)

Exit Signage along M1 - West Gate Fwy (E)
Exit signage along M1 - Monash Fwy (SE)

For the best balance between information and screen real estate, the following conventions are used. All ramps will be set as the 'ramp' type in the Waze Map Editor and be locked at the same level as the freeway which joins to them. The name of the road, route number (if applicable) and compass direction (for entrance ramps) should all be added for clear guidance to be given when using the Waze app.

Exit ramps:

  • If the exit sign shows a number as well as a street or highway name, the exit ramp should be named "Exit 15: SR16 - Police Rd".
    • A colon has been added because it adds a pause, which makes the Text-to-Speech directions easier to understand.
  • If the exit is not numbered, "Exit to: C722 - Donnybrook Rd" will do.
  • If a single exit serves multiple roads, use a slash with leading and trailing spaces: "Exit 32: Terminator Blvd / Total Recall Rd".
  • If an exit number contains one or more letters, include it exactly as displayed on the sign: "Exit W2: NRALT1 - Kings Way".
  • Include everything that is present on the last sign prior to the exit. Do not combine all possible pre-ramp signage into the single ramp segment name.
  • If the exit off the main interstate or highway serves multiple exits further down the road, it may be advisable not to name the first exit ramp, to name only the ramps which are the first one to a distinct destination. The Waze client will give all the proper exit and keep left or right instructions to guide the driver to the correct exit, even if the first one is not named. That said, this should only be done if the signage for the first ramp is the same as that on the subsequent, named ramp.

Entrance ramps:

For entrance ramps, use this format. For example:

  • "Entry to: M1 - Monash Fwy (NW)"
  • "Entry to: M39 - Goulburn Valley Fwy (N)"


To aid navigation instructions, roundabouts should typically remain without a street name

  • City: enter either suburb/city
  • Street: Tick "None"

- where the client comes across a segment with no name it will use the next named segment as the next named instruction whilst retaining any turn signals.

If the roundabout does have a proper, signposted name, then this can be labelled using a 'Junction/Intersection' type landmark that fills the centre of the roundabout.

Freeway Service Centres

Freeway Service Centres should be mapped according to the following convention:

  • Use "Parking Lot Road" for all roads inside the Freeway Service Centres.
    This is necessary to avoid the creation of traffic reports.
  • You may use "Private Road" for limited access roads (with no public right of way). Ensure that they are set to unknown connectivity, turn restrictions are set so that no-one can turn into the road and the segment(s) and connecting segments are locked to enforce the turn restrictions.
  • Do not add a City or Street name to any road with the exception of the ramps.
  • Set landmarks for the major buildings on site (i.e. Services Building, Fuel and Hotels etc).

For more information on how junction locking works in Waze see the forum thread: Modifying the lock option (and some explanations)

Bypass or By-pass?